The prison administration is responsible for your wellbeing while you are in prison, including your physical and mental health.

If you need medical attention, the prison administration must make sure that you are seen by the appropriate doctor without unjustified delay.

Medical treatment & human rights

To evaluate whether the medical treatment in prison complies with human rights standards, you must pay attention to these basic questions:

  • Did you have access to a doctor when it was necessary?
  • Were you examined properly?
  • Were you treated effectively?


Not all medical care must be provided free of charge. Estonian law determines which medical care must be paid for by the state and which you will need to pay for yourself. All emergency medical care must be provided free of charge at all times.

About this section

This section of the Guide will explain what medical care and treatment should be ensured and when the lack of it could lead to a violation of your human rights.

Last updated 25/09/2018