Responsibility of the perpetrator
In addition to civil liability for his or her actions, the perpetrator must bear criminal and administrative responsibility. Criminal and administrative responsibility implies punishment for the perpetrator. The punishment has a number of objectives – to protect public safety, to restore justice, to punish the perpetrator for the committed criminal or administrative offense, to ensure that the perpetrator as well as others refrain from committing criminal or administrative offenses in the future.
Making the perpetrator responsible is also a very crucial part in the rehabilitation process of the victim, since it serves the restoration of justice and may diminish self-blaming by the victim in this way and encourage the victim to exercise her/his rights more effectively.
According to the Estonian Penal Code perpetrators in domestic violence cases may be responsible for a number of offences, starting from minor bodily injury and ending with murder.
Making perpetrators responsible for domestic violence also demonstrates the ability of the State to enforce human rights. The failure of the State to conduct appropriate criminal or administrative proceedings and convict the perpetrator may result in a violation of human rights.
Article 58; Chapter 9
Articles 2, 3, 6, 8, 14
30 October 2012
26 March 2013
22 October 2013
11 May 2005