The functions of a court and the rules and procedures which it must follow when hearing a case must be defined by law.

The court or tribunal examining your case must be established by law. This means that a law has been enacted which explains how the court is to function and the rules and procedures which it must follow when hearing a case. 

Establishment by law guarantees that the court has been created and works under a law that is sufficiently clear and reliable, and that the court system cannot be easily changed and adapted to someone’s interests. This also guarantees that courts always follow pre-set rules and procedures when dealing with each individual case. Your case should not be heard by a court that has not been established by law. 

The main law covering civil proceedings is the Code of Civil Procedure.

Resources

Last updated 09/02/2017